Leopard Gecko Information | Facts | Stats |

Leopard Gecko Information

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Leopard Geckos are a popular pet and are readily available from pet shops and breeders alike. If you’d like to learn more, we have a wealth of leopard gecko information throughout the pages of The Habitat, and some interesting leopard gecko facts for you on this page.

If you’re looking for information on feeding, behavior, or handling tips, you may be interested in the following posts:

Now let’s start with the basic leopard gecko facts:

Leopard Gecko Taxonomy

KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS:        Reptilia
ORDER:      Squamata
FAMILY: Gekkonidae
SUBFAMILY: Eublepharidae
GENUS: Eublepharis
SPECIES:  Macularius
GENUS: Eublepharis
SPECIES:  Macularius

Leopard Gecko Taxonomy Chart

What’s in a Name?

Scientific Name:  Eublepharis Macularius.

The scientific name of the leopard gecko describes two of the species defining characteristics. Translated from Latin “eublepharis” means “good eyelids” and “macularius” means “spotted.”

Family Matters

Geckos are divided into several subfamilies:  Leopard geckos belong to the Eublepharidae sub family.  The main difference is in the eyes and feet.  Members of the Eublepharidae family have moveable eyelids and clawed feet, while other Gekkonidae lack eyelids and have toe pads for climbing called lamellae. 

Leopard Gecko Eye

Yes, they can. Being members of the Eublepharidae sub family, leopard geckos have the ability to blink and close their eyes. 

Related Post: Do Leopard Geckos Close their Eyes

Do Leopard Geckos Have Claws?

Leopard Gecko Claw
Close up of Claws

Leopard Geckos have sharp claws at the end of their tows, though these are for traction and are generally not sharp or strong enough to pierce or break your skin.  It may tickle or feel a little prickly as a leopard gecko walks across your skin. The lack of toe pads limit a leopard gecko’s climbing ability. 

Appearance – What Do Leopard Geckos Look Like?

Leopard geckos are typically yellow in color with black spots and white underbellies.   Younger leopard geckos tend to have more of a striped pattern, which will spread and develop into spots as the gecko gets larger. By the time a leopard gecko reaches a year of age, its patterns and markings will look completely different than its younger self.

The photos below are the same leopard gecko, illustrating the difference a few years makes in appearance.

Leopard geckos are bred to favor different coloring and features, and can be found in a variety of variations, called morphs. You can read more in our post about different types of morphs.

Leopard Gecko Skin

Some folks associate reptiles as being ‘slimy’, though nothing could be further from the truth with leopard geckos.  Their skin is dry, with textured bumps and scales. 

Leopard Gecko Skin Close Up

Leopard geckos, like most reptiles, shed their skin. As leopard geckos get larger, they actually outgrow their skin.  As they prepare to shed, their ‘old’ skin gets white and pale.  Eventually, it peels away to reveal bright new skin underneath. 

Leopard Gecko Size

Leopard gecko hatchlings are about 3 or 4 inches from nose to the tip of the tail when born. Hatchlings weigh around 2 to 5 grams.

Adult leopard geckos range from 7 to 8 inches size for females and 8 to 10 inches for males.  Adult females usually weigh 50 to 70 grams while males weigh in around 60 to 80 grams.

Read more in our post about how big leopard geckos can grow.

Sexing Leopard Geckos

How can you tell a male leopard gecko from a female? Males tend to be slightly larger and heavier. To be certain, you’ll need to look at their underside near the base of their tail.

Males have what are called have pre-anal pores, which look like a line of dots forming a V shape at the base of the tail. In addition, males have two oval shaped hemipenal bulges.

Females don’t have the bulges or visible pores.

This video clip from Adam Singleton does a great job of showing the difference between male and female leopard geckos.

Leopard Gecko Longevity

How long do leopard geckos live? Leopard geckos have a long lifespan, often living 20 years or more.  There are various factors that may affect a leopard gecko’s lifespan, which you can read more about leopard gecko longevity here.

Leopard Geckos in the Wild

Leopard Geckos originally come from the Mid-East and Western Asia.  They are native to Afghanistan, Iran Iraq, Pakistan, and India, where they live primarily in desert regions or dry grasslands. Most of the leopard geckos bred in captivity originated from these areas of the world. 

Active Times

Leopard geckos are crepuscular by nature, meaning they will spend most of their days in their burrow, coming out to feed primarily during the twilight hours at dusk or dawn.  During this time, the desert temperatures are cooler and the fully nocturnal animals are hunkered down.  This means less competition for food, and less opportunity to be prey.


Winter temperatures in these regions may drop to around 50 degrees Fahrenheit.  Leopard geckos in the wild will sometimes go dormant during the coldest part of the winter, entering a state of hibernation called brumation.  Their metabolism will slow down, and they will live off of the fat stored in their tails. 

Leopard Geckos in Captivity

Leopard Gecko Held in Hand

Leopard geckos are one of the most common reptiles kept as pets.  It is possible that leopard geckos may have been the first geckos to be kept as pets. Leopard geckos have a docile demeanor and are easy to care for, which makes them a favorite among reptile enthusiasts.

Though leopard geckos still thrive in the wild, most leopard geckos available for purchase as pets are bred in captivity.  They are readily available in chain stores and privately owned pet shops.  There are numerous vendors who breed leopard geckos for unique color combinations and traits.

Since leopard geckos are easy to care for, don’t need complex light rigs, and are fairly small compared to other pets, total cost of ownership is relatively low. You can read more about the pricing of leopard geckos and their needs here.

Make sure you have the right habitat and gear for your leopard gecko: Leopard Gecko Setup

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About the Author: H. Evan Miller & Leopard Gecko

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